2016年春季北美LMS市场数据

本文数据来源于

http://mfeldstein.com/state-higher-ed-lms-market-spring-2016/

http://edutechnica.com/2016/03/20/lms-data-spring-2016-updates/

2016年春季LMS市场发生了一些显著的变化。ANGEL的数量持续减少,Canvas有不错的增长,BB则稍微下降。Moodle仍然保持稳定的第二位。

 

  • 增长最快的的LMS是Canvas。
  • Blackboard 持续的减少市场份额,而最多客户选择放弃的是 ANGEL。
  • Pearson宣布 LearningStudio’s 将于2017年末结束服务。
  • “其他”类型的系统包括少于50个应用的系统,例如Jenzabar, Edvance360, LoudCloud Systems, WebStudy, Schoology和 CampusCruiser。

Open edX2016年8月更新

学生的改进

We want your learners to focus on your course content instead of logistical details. To that end, we’ve added the ability to specify local time zones to the Account Settings page. No more mental gymnastics while learners convert from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) to their own time!

Additionally, on-the-go learners can stay up to date with the new versions of our Android and iOS apps. Version 2.5.1 for Android and version 2.5.0 for iOS allow learners to participate in course discussions as they move through course units instead of having to go to the Discussions page. These versions also include a bug fix so that learners see the number of votes their posts have received. You can download the edX app from Google Play or the App Store.

教师的改进

Course teams who want to hide exams and other content from learners after the due date are in luck! We’ve just introduced subsection hiding, which allows course teams to hide the contents of a subsection after the subsection’s due date has passed—without affecting grades. Learners can still see the titles for hidden subsections in the course navigation, but they can’t access the content. For more information, see Hide a Subsection from Learners in Building and Running an Open edX Course.

LMS showing a subsection with the message "The due date for this homework has passed".

Have you ever created a text input problem in the advanced editor and left the answer attribute blank by mistake—so that learners can’t answer the problem correctly? We’ve updated Studio so that it no longer allows course teams to save a text input problem that has an empty answer attribute.

Better data leads to better courses, and we’ve updated Insights so that  enrollment information now includes specific numbers for each of the enrollment options for your course: audit, verified, verified with credit, and professional. (Courses that ended before December 2015 might also include honor code enrollments.) For more information, see Enrollment Activity in Using edX Insights.

可用的提升

As part of our commitment to make the edX platform as accessible as possible, we’ve made improvements to the website, the LMS, and Studio. We’ve organized the social media site links in the website footer into lists to help people who use screen readers. We’ve increased color contrast in both the LMS and Studio to make elements clearer. And we’ve updated the edX tabbed component to make navigating pages without a mouse easier and more intuitive.

系统管理和开发的提升

The edX engineering team has been hard at work, improving performance in loading the learner Progress page by 75% as part of improving the overall performance of computing grades—just in time for the Eucalyptus release. We’ve also made changes to validation in the coupon creation process.

If you’ve been updating your installation of Open edX with each edX release, you may have noticed that we’re transitioning the XBlockDisableConfig model and its associated settings to the XBlockConfiguration andXBlockStudioConfiguration models. This transition is still in progress. When it is complete, we will delete the XBlockDisableConfig model and associated settings. The Eucalyptus release will not include these changes.

We’ve updated our documentation to include information about popular Open edX topics. In addition to instructions for serving course assets from a content delivery network (CDN), now available in Installing, Configuring, and Running the Open edX Platform, you can find information about using the XBlock URL to render an XBlock in HTML without the LMS user interface in two places: Rendering XBlocks with the XBlock URLin the Open edX Developer’s Guide and Rendering XBlocks with the XBlock URL in the Open edX XBlock Tutorial. If you find this content useful, please drop us a line at docs@edx.org!

即将到来

We’re planning lots of improvements during August—including more updates to coupons and a streamlined About page creation process. Stay tuned!

斯隆联盟OLC2016年高等教育在线学习图表

本文摘译自斯隆联盟网站 http://onlinelearningconsortium.org/read/olc-infographic-2016-online-learning-imperative/

今天的学生正在推动在线学习变化

我们新的信息图表显示了目前正在推动高等教育领域在线学习的主要议题和趋势,基于来自各个高等教育领域的最新研究。

该信息图表突出了一些影响这个变化中图景的趋势,包括:

  • 数字化学习机会正在迅速被今天的学生拥抱
  • 一个不断发展,不断壮大的高等教育人群在寻求容易获得和负担得起的解决方案
  • 增长的学费需要创新的替代品,特别是对低收入家庭
  • 教育技术越来越多的被接受和采纳
  • 学术领袖继续致力于在线学习
  • 联邦政府持续关注于教育

下载信息图 详细了解在线学习这些变化的观点。

联合国教科文组织向发展中国家推出大规模开放在线课程指南

原文链接
2016年6月16日,在巴黎联合国教科文组织总部的一场特别活动上,推出了一份面向发展中国家决策者的关于大规模开放在线课程(MOOCs)的指南。

自2012年以来,在线学习发展迅猛。这一年也被称为“MOOC年”,网上学习吸引了数以百万计的学生。然而,MOOCS的迅速崛起主要还是在我们所说的北部世界。

这个《赋予MOOCs意义,一份面向发展中国家决策者的指南》旨在提高发展中国家决策者对于在线学习问题的认识,如MOOCs怎样使获得负担得起的优质高等教育成为可能,以及怎样利用MOOCS给那些想接受学术和职业教育与培训的中学毕业生提供帮助。

由教科文组织与英联邦学术组织(COL)联合出版的这个指南也着眼于线上学习的作用,及MOOCS在教育2030议程和可持续发展目标4落实方面所扮演的角色。

在发展中国家的巨大潜力

 “MOOCs为正在寻觅新途径满足日益增长的需求的发展中国家高等教育机构带来巨大潜力。” 教科文组织项目专家和编辑之一 Mariana Patru说, “高等教育机构长期以来通过高等教育开放式教育资源(OER)这一平台来丰富网络资源。但MOOCs的迅速崛起——2015年,有4200个 MOOCs课程——已经真正对传统高等教育的格局带来了革命性的一个影响”。

教育部门总干事助理唐虔博士, COL主席和首席执行官Asha Kanwar教授主持了活动的开幕式。出席会议的还有编辑Mariana Patru女士和编辑Venkataraman Balaji博士。

The meeting explored international and country experiences in the area of open online learning and MOOCs.

会议探讨了开放式网上学习和MOOCs领域的国际和国家经验。

链接

第一次BeijingOpen edX Meetup活动

昨天上午第一次BeijingOpen edX Meetup 活动在北京外国语大学进行。参加聚会的用户来自学校和教育公司,也有个人爱好者。大家讨论了关于Open edX的部署、定制、开发、分析,也延伸到了课程设计、应用、评价等方面。最重要的:之前很多在技术社区里活跃的用户终于在线下聚到了一起!

IMG_2185

聚会分享的主题:

• 种瓜 / Open edX 架构 - Open edX Architecture (30min)

• 崔老师 / 基于Open edX的课程设计 - Course design based on Open edX  (30min)

• Eric-UNESCO / 在线教育的评价排名 Online Education Ranking (10min)

• 张老师 / 在线教育在K12的应用

• 伟东云 / edX与伟东云教育平台的集成策略及用户体验改进问题探讨 (30min)

• Workshop 黄永亮  北京信息科技大学/ Insights架构和配置 – Insights components and configuration (30min)

• Workshop 黄鸿飞 北京信息科技大学/ 分布式部署简介 – Introduction of distributed deployment (10min)

感谢从天津、南京、武汉等地专门来北京和大家分享的各位用户!这次聚会是国内Open edX Meetup的破冰,之后其它城市也将举办类似的聚会,下一站可能是南京:)

Apache Geode

Geodeo英文本意是这么一种东西:内部有洞的美丽晶体。

Apache Geodes项目开始于2002年,提供了低延迟,高并发的数据管理解决方案。可以构建高速,数据密集型应用程序,弹性满足任何规模的性能要求;独特的技术,融合了数据复制,分区和分布式处理先进技术。

Apache Geode提供了一个类似数据库的一致性模型,可靠的交易处理和无共享架构,以保持高并发处理非常低的延迟性能。

项目和Github

http://geode.incubator.apache.org/

https://github.com/apache/incubator-geode

Geode可以驱动大型金融系统和票务网站(如12306),更详细信息可以看下面链接

5 分钟介绍帮 12306 解决数亿人订票问题的 Geode

分布式内存数据库Geode开源了,12306就在用

2016年Geode峰会

 

 

VR、全景视频和Open edX

我们在进行一些VR和学习平台的相关研究开发,VR和教育的结合已经有了不少尝试。比较高级的有互动产品都需要依赖专门主机和高级眼镜,浏览器对这个的支持刚刚开始

浏览器也能搞VR? Firefox 和谷歌Chrome 来尝鲜| 极客公园

WebVR API 

目前将VR教学互动模块做成Xblock显然还早了点,专业的教学工具厂商如 labster 来做这方面的工作然后通过LTI提供给Open edX也许更好。

作为一种前期的VR形式,全景视频解决了一部分对于现场感的需求。专业的全景录制设备如 Google Jump 和 Facebook  surround360 和 Nokia ozo ,还有大量的民用的设备和创业公司产品,录制一段全景视频不再是个很难的事情。

我们近期将推出可以嵌入Open edX教学组件的Xblock,效果类似http://45.32.248.32/360vr/ ,方便将全景视频引入在线学习。而因为全景视频的高码率,一段6:34的4K视频达到了799.8M,意味着一秒钟需要2.02994923857868M的流量,因此我们也会推出一个比较经济的分布存储方案来配合这个Xblock使用。

优酷的全景视频方案还未对全部用户开放,如果届时开放了使用优酷的5000元/年方案也是不错的选择。

The Next Generation Digital Learning Environment-下一代数字学习环境

https://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/eli3035.pdf

EDUCAUSE发布的一篇报告,这是和比尔及梅琳达·盖茨基金会合作的一个成果,研究了当前学习管理工具和一个适应高等教育需求变化的数字学习环境之间的差别。通过咨询70多个社区意见领袖得出了下一代数字学习环境(NGDLE)的轮廓。它的主要功能域是互操作性、个性化、分析、咨询、学习评估、合作和可访问性和通用设计。由于没有单个应用程序可以提供所有这些领域,建议用“乐高”的方法来实现NGDLE,通过构建符合NGDLE要求的部件,使个人和机构机会来构建适合他们的要求和目标的学习环境。

详细内容请看头部链接。

开放教育资源(来自维基百科)

本文源自https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_educational_resources,以下是节选。

Open educational resources (OER) are freely accessible, openly licensed documents and media that are useful for teaching, learning, and assessing as well as for research purposes. It is the leading trend in distance education/open and distance learning domain as a consequence of the openness movement.[1]There is no universal usage of open file formats in OER.

The development and promotion of open educational resources is often motivated by a desire to provide an alternate or enhanced educationalparadigm.[2]

Defining the scope and nature of open educational resources

The idea of open educational resources (OER) has numerous working definitions.[3] The term was firstly coined at UNESCO’s 2002 Forum on Open Courseware and designates “teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions. Open licensing is built within the existing framework of intellectual property rights as defined by relevant international conventions and respects the authorship of the work”. Often cited is the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation term which defines OER as:

“teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge”.[4]

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) defines OER as: “digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students, and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning, and research. OER includes learning content, software tools to develop, use, and distribute content, and implementation resources such as open licences”.[5] (This is the definition cited by Wikipedia’s sister project, Wikiversity.)[6] By way of comparison, the Commonwealth of Learning “has adopted the widest definition of Open Educational Resources (OER) as ‘materials offered freely and openly to use and adapt for teaching, learning, development and research'”.[7] The WikiEducator project suggests that OER refers “to educational resources (lesson plans, quizzes, syllabi, instructional modules, simulations, etc.) that are freely available for use, reuse, adaptation, and sharing’.[8][9]

The above definitions expose some of the tensions that exist with OER:

  • Nature of the resource: Several of the definitions above limit the definition of OER to digital resources, while others consider that any educational resource can be included in the definition.
  • Source of the resource: While some of the definitions require a resource to be produced with an explicit educational aim in mind, others broaden this to include any resource which may potentially be used for learning
  • Level of openness: Most definitions require that a resource be placed in the public domain. Others require for use to be granted merely for educational purposes, or exclude commercial uses.

At the same time, these definitions also share some universal commonalities, namely they all:

  • cover both use and reuse, repurposing, and modification of the resources;
  • include free use for educational purposes by teachers and learners
  • encompass all types of digital media.[10]

Given the diversity of users, creators and sponsors of open educational resources, it is not surprising to find a variety of use cases and requirements. For this reason, it may be as helpful to consider the differences between descriptions of open educational resources as it is to consider the descriptions themselves. One of several tensions in reaching a consensus description of OER (as found in the above definitions) is whether there should be explicit emphasis placed on specific technologies. For example, a video can be openly licensed and freely used without being a streaming video. A book can be openly licensed and freely used without being an electronic document. This technologically driven tension is deeply bound up with the discourse of open-source licensing. For more, see Licensing and Types of OER later in this article.

There is also a tension between entities which find value in quantifying usage of OER and those which see such metrics as themselves being irrelevant to free and open resources. Those requiring metrics associated with OER are often those with economic investment in the technologies needed to access or provide electronic OER, those with economic interests potentially threatened by OER,[11] or those requiring justification for the costs of implementing and maintaining the infrastructure or access to the freely available OER. While a semantic distinction can be made delineating the technologies used to access and host learning content from the content itself, these technologies are generally accepted as part of the collective of open educational resources.[12]

Since OER are intended to be available for a variety of educational purposes, most organizations using OER neither award degrees nor provide academic or administrative support to students seeking college credits towards a diploma from a degree granting accredited institution.[13][14] In open education, there is an emerging effort by some accredited institutions to offer free certifications, or achievement badges, to document and acknowledge the accomplishments of participants.

 

Licensing and types of OER[edit]

Turning a Resource into an Open Educational Resource

The GNU head, iconic symbol of theGNU Project, and thus the GNU GPL.

Open educational resources often involve issues relating to intellectual property rights. Traditional educational materials, such as textbooks, are protected under conventional copyright terms. However, alternative and more flexible licensing options have become available as a result of the work of Creative Commons, an organization that provides ready-made licensing agreements that are less restrictive than the “all rights reserved” terms of standard international copyright. These new options have become a “critical infrastructure service for the OER movement.”[30]Another license, typically used by developers of OER software, is the GNU General Public License from the free and open-source software (FOSS) community. Open licensing allows uses of the materials that would not be easily permitted under copyright alone.[31]

Types of open educational resources include: full courses, course materials, modules, learning objects, open textbooks, openly licensed (often streamed) videos, tests, software, and other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge. OER may be freely and openly available static resources, dynamic resources which change over time in the course of having knowledge seekers interacting with and updating them (such as this Wikipedia article), or a course or module with a combination of these resources.

International programs[edit]

High hopes have been voiced for OERs to alleviate the digital divide between the global North and the global South, and to make a contribution to the development of less advanced economies.[67]

  • Europe – Learning Resource Exchange for schools (LRE) is a service launched by European Schoolnet in 2004 enabling educators to find multilingual open educational resources from many different countries and providers. Currently, more than 200,000 learning resources are searchable in one portal based on language, subject, resource type and age range.
  • India – National Council Of Educational Research and Training digitized all its textbooks from 1st standard to 12th standard. The textbooks are available online for free. Central Institute of Educational Technology, a constituent Unit of NCERT, digitized more than thousand audio and video programmes. All the educational AV material developed by CIET is presently available at Sakshat Portal an initiative of Ministry of Human Resources and Development. In addition, NROER (National Repository for Open Educational Resources) houses variety of e-content.
  • US – Washington State’s Open Course Library Project is a collection of expertly developed educational materials – including textbooks, syllabi, course activities, readings, and assessments – for 81 high-enrolling college courses. All course have now been released and are providing faculty with a high-quality option that will cost students no more than $30 per course. However, a study found that very few classes were actually using these materials (http://www.nacs.org/Portals/NACS/Uploaded_Documents/PDF/Research/OCLresults2014.pdf).
  • Bangladesh is the first country to digitize a complete set of textbooks for grades 1-12.[68] Distribution is free to all.
  • Uruguay sought up to 1,000 digital learning resources in a Request For Proposals (RFP) in June 2011.[69]
  • South Korea has announced a plan to digitize all of its textbooks and to provide all students with computers and digitized textbooks.[70]
  • The California Learning Resources Network Free Digital Textbook Initiative at high school level,[71] initiated by former Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger.
  • The Michigan Department of Education provided $600,000 to create the Michigan Open Book Project in 2014. The initial selection of OER textbooks in history, economics, geography and social studies was issued in August, 2015. There has been significant negative reaction to the materials’ inaccuracies, design flaws and confusing distribution.
  • The Shuttleworth Foundation‘s Free high school science texts for South Africa[72]

English language version of global logo for open educational resources.

English language version of Open Educational Resources global logo.

  • Saudi Arabia had a comprehensive project in 2008 to digitize and improve the Math and Science text books in all k-12 grades.[73]
  • Saudi Arabia started a project in 2011 to digitize all text books other than Math and Science.[citation needed]

OER global logo adopted by UNESCO[edit]

With the advent of growing international awareness and implementation of open educational resources, a global OER logo (shown right) was adopted for use in multiple languages by UNESCO. The design of the Global OER logo creates a common global visual idea, representing “subtle and explicit representations of the subjects and goals of OER”. Its full explanation and recommendation of use is available from UNESCO.[74]